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Vaisakhi (also spelled Baisakhi) is the festival which celebrates the founding of the Sikh community known as the Khalsa. It is celebrated on April 14 each year. On Vaisakhi day in 1699, Guru Gobind Singh summoned Sikhs from all over India to the city of Anandpur Sahib. At this gathering, the Guru called upon Sikhs to uphold their faith and …

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Martyrdom of Guru Gobind Singh’s Four Sons The word sahibzadey means “sons” in Punjabi and is a term commonly used to refer to the four sons of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. The martyrdom of the four sahibzadey is an important part of Sikh history and the occasion of their martyrdom is remembered and commemorated by Sikhs. Baba Ajit Singh and Baba …

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Sikh Martyrs


Shaheed Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed Baba Deep Singh Ji is one of most honored martyrs of Sikh history. His parents, Bhai Bhagtu Ji and Mata Jeonee Ji, lived in the village of Pahuwind, Amritsar, India. They were hard working Sikh farmers but had not been blessed with any children. A Sikh saint told them one day that they would …

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Basic beliefs of Sikhism Sikhs believe in one God. He is the same for all people of all religions. Sikhism teaches equality of all people. Sikhism preaches that people of different races, religions, or sex are all equal in the eyes of God. Sikhism teaches the full equality of men and women. Sikhism emphasizes daily devotion to the remembrance of …

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Sri Guru Granth Sahib


The Guru Granth Sahib contains the scriptures of the Sikhs. It is an anthology of prayers and hymns which contain the actual words and verses as uttered by the Sikh Gurus. The Guru Granth Sahib, also known as the Adi Granth, consists of 1430 pages and has 5864 verses. Its contents are referred to as bani or gurbani. An individual …

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Historical Gurdwaras


Gurdwaras are Sikh places of worship. The word Gurdwara means “gateway to the guru”. Many gurdwaras are associated with significant events in Sikh history. Harmandir Sahib (Amritsar, Punjab) Harmandir Sahib is the most important religious center for the Sikhs. It has doors in all four directions indicating that it is open to all people. Built by Guru Arjan Dev. It …

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Five Sikh Symbols


The Five Ks are the five items of dress and physical appearance given to Sikhs by Guru Gobind Singh when he gathered together the first members of the Khalsa on Vaisakhi day in 1699. These symbols give Sikhs a unique identity signifying discipline and spirituality. However, these items cannot be reduced to just symbols and must be worn in their …

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Sikh Gurus


Sikhism was established by ten prophet-teachers called Gurus over the period from 1469 to 1708. Each Guru added to and reinforced the message taught by the previous, resulting in the creation of Sikhism. Guru Nanak Dev (1469-1539) First Guru of the Sikhs. Founder of Sikhism. Preached the equality of all humans. Guru Nanak said that all people are the children …

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Jatt Sikhs

Jatt Sikh (Punjabi: ਜੱਟ ਸਿੱਖ, also Jat Sikh) refers to a sub group of the Sikh ethnoreligious group from the Indian subcontinent. They comprise of at least half of the Sikh population in Punjab, with some sources estimating their majority to be about 60% to 66% of the Sikh population. History Jatt-Sikhs are mostly descended from Jat-Hindus and some from Jat-Muslims who converted to Sikhism. Jatts started to …

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The Jat people (Hindi: जाट Jāṭ, Punjabi: ਜੱਟ Jaṭṭ) are a historical Indo-Aryan tribal group native to the Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, Uttrakhand, Balochistan, parts of Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab region, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. The Encyclopedia Britannica describes the Jats “as a peasant caste of northern India and Pakistan”. On demographics, it states: “In the early 21st century the Jat constituted about 20 percent of the population of Punjab, nearly 10 percent of …

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Jatt Surnames

Jatts are known around the world for there hard work n success … The most brave and confident… n all of us are proud to be a Jatt… If ur surname is one of the following(almost all last names are included) , join this group and check the other jatt people around the world… A: Anuja, Anwal, Arab, Arar, Atwal, Arya, …

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